On the Relationship between Climate Change and Three Outcomes Related to Gender Equality in Sexual and Reproductive Health: A Systematic Literature Review

Jasmine MacLean , University of Vienna
Erich Striessnig, University of Vienna
Roman Hoffmann , Vienna Institute of Demography, Austrian Academy of Sciences
Raya Muttarak , Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

In the context of global climate change, it is important to understand how certain drivers affect subpopulations differentially over time. This is particularly true for populations which are more exposed or vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Research on the relationship between climate change and gender has uncovered differential impacts, showing women can be more vulnerable to the effects of climate change than men (Denton, 2002; Kuehn & McCormick, 2017; Ogu et al., 2016; Rylander et al., 2013; Watt & Chamberlain, 2011). The relationship, however, is not entirely understood. This research therefore intends to investigate this relationship by building an empirically based model to project how climate change will impact three outcomes related to gender equality in sexual and reproductive health: (1) maternal mortality, (2) unmet need for family planning, and (3) gender-based violence, based on a set of indicators taken from DHS survey data. The empirical foundation for this model will be drawn from a systematic review of existing literature on this topic. This systematic literature review was conducted across four databases, with 3,112 studies returned from the initial search. After initially screening and synthesizing the studies, a narrative analysis was done on the included study results.

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 Presented in Session P1. Postercafe