Family Formation and the Employment Outcomes of Immigrants in France: A Multilevel Multistate Approach

Isaure Delaporte , University of St Andrews
Hill Kulu , University of St Andrews

This paper investigates the effect of family formation on the labour market trajectories of immigrant men and women in France. Using rich longitudinal data from France and applying multilevel competing-risks event history models, we analyse the risk of a change in the employment status of immigrant men and women who are childless and then following childbirth. More specifically, we analyse the outcomes of 1) immigrants upon arrival in France (they can either be employed or in education), 2) employed immigrants (they can either switch to another employment as salaried or self-employed, move to education, become unemployed or inactive), and 3) immigrants who are out of employment (they can either become salaried, self-employed, move to education, become unemployed or inactive) and focus on the differential role of family formation for men and women to explain these transitions. We distinguish between employment changes due to childbirth from employment changes of individuals who have children and account for unobserved codeterminants of childbearing and employment risks. Our analysis shows that immigrant women are negatively impacted by childbirth compared to immigrant men. We also find that the effect of family formation on gender gaps in labour market trajectories differ by migrant groups, and birth cohorts.

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 Presented in Session 39. Migrant Populations